Been thinking about investing in real estate but not sure about how to get started? REIT’s are a good, low risk way of starting in the market.
Here is an overview of the three kinds of REITs:
Publicly Traded: Is a REIT that files with the SEC and whose shares are traded on the national stock exchanges. The shares are highly liquid, brokers fees are the same as any other stock and a minimum of one share of stock can be purchased. These Publicly Traded REITs are governed by specific stock exchange rules and corporate governance. They are required to make regular financial disclosures to the investment community, including quarterly and yearly audited financial results with accompanying filing to the SCE. These REITs also have numerous independent performance benchmarks available for tracking the industry. There are a wide range of analyst reports available to the public, which means these REITs are highly transparent.
Exchange Traded: Is a REIT that files with the SEC but whose shares don’t trade on the national stock exchange. Programs vary from company to company. Generally, there is a minimum holding period for these REITs. An investors exit strategy is generally linked to a required liquidation after some period of time (often 10 years), or the stock may then be listed on the national stock exchange. Typically, the minimum investment is $1,000 to $2,500. Fees range from 10-15 percent of the investment. These are charged as broker-dealer commissions and there can be additional up-front costs. Ongoing management fees and expenses are typical and there can even be backend fees. These Non-Exchange Traded REITs are subject to state and North American Securities Administrators Association (NASAA) regulations. They are required to make regular disclosures to the SEC. There isn’t an independent source of performance for tracking these REITs. Non-Exchange Traded REITs have a little less transparency and there is a larger commitment of time and money.
Private: Is a REIT that is not registered with the SEC and whose shares do not trade on national stock exchanges. The typical investment is a minimum of $1,000 to $25,000. Up front fees can run anywhere from 10-16 percent. These REITs aren’t very liquid and the redemption period can be a minimum of two to three years. Private REITs are only really required to disclose the initial offering and file registration with the SEC. However, the more transparent these Private REITs, the more it lends to the investors confidence, security, and credibility in them as an investment. These REITs are designed for the institutional investor therefore requiring a much higher minimum investment.
Ok, now you’ve decided to diversify your portfolio with REITs. How do you value them? There are many factors that affect the value of a REIT’s share price; it all begins with earnings that are tied to predicable and growing streams of rental revenue.
Many REIT analysts look at net asset value (NAV) as a reference point for the valuation of a company. NAV equals the estimated market value of a REITs total asset (mostly real property) minus the value of all the liabilities. When divided by the number of common shares outstanding, the NAV per share is viewed by many as a useful guideline.
I think many REITs are positioned to take advantage of the market and are very good values right now.
We do a small section on REIT’s in the Professional Real Estate Investor Class. We are offering an online class this month on Wednesdays from 2-5 Pacific Time. Hope to see you there.