“Cut your losses short and let your profits run.” So many traders chant that mantra while trading in the markets. Anyone who has ever had money in the markets knows that this is an easy thing to say but much harder to actually do. The emotions of fear and greed creep into our trading environment and influence our trading decisions. My students often ask me if there is a way for them to hold on longer to their trades for greater profits. Fortunately, there are some things we can do to help us to accomplish this.
The first is to have a trading plan that will detail your risk management and trade management strategies. This is such a critical tool to be a successful trader that we involve trade plan development into every one of Online Trading Academy’s courses. Having written rules for managing trades can help remove the effect of emotions on your trading since you will be following a prescribed strategy, basically following your orders, rather than trying to make decisions on the spot. Writing the rules down allows you to review them on a regular basis and see if you are consistently following them. You are holding yourself accountable for your actions and are more likely to follow them.
In your rules, you should have some sort of guideline as to when you will move your initial stop to break even. You could move it when the current profit is equal to the initial risk in the trade. The disadvantage of this method is that you can get stopped out too quickly from time to time. To avoid this, you could move the stop to break even once your profit is twice as much as the initial risk in the trade. Or perhaps you move your stop only after price has moved halfway to your first target in the trade.
You can also choose to use rules for adjusting a trailing stop as you are profiting in the trade. This is not necessary for some traders as they let price either hit their target or stop out at break even. But if you want, you can create a mechanical trailing stop that objectively exits you from a trade that does not quite reach your target before reversing. One method I use is a moving average. I will exit a profitable trade only if price closes beyond a moving average. This is easy to observe and can also be programmed into most trading platforms to occur automatically. The one thing you may notice about all of the above suggestions is that they are all rule based. We need rule based strategies to become more objective in trading and not emotionally biased.
Another method to help you hold onto your positions and grow profits is to hide the P/L on your platform. In Tradestation, you can see the current profit or loss, (P/L) of your position in various places. When you are in a trade, you do not need to know how much you are making or losing. You should have planned the trade before entry and should already know the potential loss if your stop is hit or the potential profit if you make it to your target. How is watching the P/L change going to help you? It does nothing but increase the power of your emotions as you become greedy or fearful.
Lastly, get paid for your effort. I trade impulses of the dominant trend. In our courses we teach you how to identify them. Impulses tend to pause but break through supply or demand on the lower time frames. Since that is the norm I will often target supply or demand from a larger time frame for my profit targets. This allows me to be able to take larger wins and greater profits. However, I am human and not immune to emotions like fear and greed. To lessen the impact of them on my trading, I will often plan to take profits at two or more targets and effectively scale out of a position. The first target will be the supply or demand from the time frame where I entered the trade, and the second will be from that larger time frame I mentioned. The larger time frame that I use is determined by a formula that I discuss in the XLT program.
The key to getting greater profits is to create rules that can make your trading more methodical rather than emotion based. To be a successful trader you need to be consistent. To build consistency you need a plan. To learn how to create that plan join us in one of our courses at your local Online Trading Academy office today.