Hello traders! Before we get to this week’s official topic, I’d like to thank each and every one of you that voted for Sam Evans and myself for this year’s FXStreet Forex Best Awards 2016. Once again your votes allowed us to win in the “Best Educational Report” category for our Lessons from the Pros articles. Your votes are much appreciated, and winning again only motivates us more to do even better this year! Thanks again, now on with the official topic!
So last time we discussed the pros and cons of different asset classes. This week I’d like to expand a bit on the differences between trading currencies in the spot market vs. the futures market. Let’s look at a couple of charts first.
In this pair of charts I have the British Pound vs. the US Dollar in both the spot forex market on the left and in the futures market on the right. As you can see, the charts are nearly identical. The glaring difference I’d like to point out is where the two blue arrows are marked. On the spot chart, the GBPUSD did not break down below the marked demand zone, while the futures chart did. Both charts showed a retest of a supply zone which held on both charts, seen where the two red arrows are marked. So what does this mean? It is commonly said that the larger market is more important than the smaller one, and since the spot forex market trades more dollar value per day than the futures market more weight should be given to it. This does lead to a bit of a conundrum, however. With the decentralized market in the spot forex market (explained my last article) how can we “trust” that our broker is showing us the true market? Usually we don’t. I personally prefer to watch my broker’s charts and the corresponding futures market for confirmation. If they don’t line up, such as with the blue arrows, I don’t take the trade. When the markets do line up, check the red arrows again, I will take the trade. Simple as that.
Another thing to note is that these two charts are nearly identical because the British Pound is the base and the US Dollar is the quote. This is not always the case!
In this pair of charts, the USDJPY spot market is on the left while the Japanese Yen futures chart is on the right. Notice anything odd? They are nearly a perfect inverse to each other. This is because in the spot market the USD is the base while the Yen is the quote. When looking at the futures market, basically they are switched; the Yen is the base and the Dollar is the quote. Weird, isn’t it?
Noticing that the USDJPY had a small supply zone while at the same time the Yen futures chart was in demand could have led you to take a trade on either symbol because they both lined up. This is another type of confirmation for those of you who like that sort of thing.
Another small thing on the charts I’d like to point out is the prices. On the GBPUSD / BP chart, notice the slight difference in the actual prices quoted. Now look at the USDJPY / JY chart. Obviously with an inverse chart the prices will be wildly different, this is merely an easy math equation. I don’t really care what the prices are; I just want the charts to match as far as supply and demand. Keeping it simple is my preference!
Another interesting difference in spot forex vs. futures forex trading is the cost (or margin) that it takes to place an actual trade. When trading the GBPUSD, for example, your broker will probably require you to have 2% of the trade value in your account to place the trade. If you are planning on doing one standard lot, 100,000 value of the base currency, you would need about $2890 of US dollars in your account to place that trade. If you were to buy one contract of the BP your broker might charge you only $2035. So, futures can be cheaper to trade! Settle down though. With the GBPUSD, each pip will be worth $10. In the futures market, which trades in ticks instead of pips, the tick value for one contract of the BP is only $6.25. As you may know from your previous trading, not every pair has the same value per pip, which is the same in the futures market. So the big take away here is that different symbols will have different margin requirements, and they will also have different dollar values on the minimum moves (pips or ticks.)
The last difference we’ll discuss this week is an expansion of something briefly mentioned in the last article. Many traders will choose to open one account to trade one asset class, be it spot forex or futures. If you choose to open a forex account only, you will have access to many different currency pairs to choose from. These pairs range from the Major currency pairs including the EURUSD, AUDUSD, USDCAD, all the way to some of the more obscure pairs like the EURPLN (EURO vs the Polish Zloty). While these obscure pairs might look good to you on a spot forex chart, trying to trade them in a futures account might be a problem. The main reason is the lack of volume, or even possibly the lack of the pair even trading in the futures market! If you choose to open a futures account, you will have access to the major currency pairs, in addition to other contracts like wheat, gold, oil, etc. But access to all of the currency pairs will be limited.
So there you have it traders! A few expanded differences on spot forex vs. futures forex trading. Personally, I trade both asset classes as I like the benefits that they both have to offer! As always, please do your own research on your chosen broker to determine what is right for you and your circumstances; even ask your Online Trading Academy Education Counselor for their recommendation.
Until next time,
Rick Wright – firstname.lastname@example.org