Featured Article

Measuring Momentum

Brandon Wendell
Instructor, CMT

I often receive email inquiries about which technical indicators are the best. I have said this before and will repeat it; the truth is that all technical indicators are lagging indicators. As traders, we need to rely on price itself and only use the indicators to help support our decision to enter or exit trades. Nothing can replace reading price and entering at supply or demand.

That being said, in order to have a second opinion on the strength of a trend we may be in, we can use a momentum indicator such as the Average Directional Indicator (ADX), also called the Directional Momentum Indicator (DMI). The ADX shows the strength or weakness of the current trend and can offer signals when the trend is weakening as we approach supply or demand zones. The ADX is made up of three parts. First is the positive directional indicator or +DI. This measures the strength of the bullish pressure in price. Secondly is the negative directional indicator or –DI. As you would guess, this line measures bearish pressure in the price movement. The ADX is a summary of these two opposing forces and measures the strength of the overall trend.

A simple buy signal with the ADX would be the +DI crossing above the –DI, while a sell would be indicated when the -DI crosses above the positive. There is one major problem with waiting for this particular signal…it is always going to occur after price has moved away from supply or demand.

The tricks of waiting for a buy signal

The ADX will rise when either a bullish or a bearish trend strengthens. When the ADX crosses above 20, whatever trend you are in is getting stronger. Look to see whether the +DI or –DI is moving up with the ADX at this point to see which trend you are in.

identifying bullish and bearish trends

An additional signal to exit from a trade can be when the ADX has crossed above a decade number higher than 20 and subsequently fell below that number. For instance, if the ADX happens to cross above 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, or 90 and then falls below that same level, the trend has weakened.

trade setups

So, if you think the buy and sell signals seem to be lagging, you are right. The traditional buy and sell signals are always going to happen after price moves from the best entry or exit zones. However, there is still a use for the ADX indicator in our trading. We can look for warning signs of trend weakness before we turn at supply or demand zones. If we see these signals, it gives us more evidence of what action we should take at those zones.

One weakness signal is when the +DI or the –DI crosses below the ADX when both were moving upwards. For a signal that supply may hold and end an uptrend, the +DI dropping below the ADX as you are approaching is a good signal.

finding supply and demand on a price chart

If price is approaching a demand zone and the –DI has dropped below the ADX line, then the demand has a better chance of holding and you may want to exit a short or initiate a long position.

trading strategies in a demand zone

Divergence on the ADX can also give a great warning of weakness in the trend. If price is trending and making higher highs in an uptrend, but the ADX is making lower highs, you may have trend trouble.

warning signs of a bear market

If price is moving in a downtrend and making lower lows, but the ADX fails to make higher highs (the ADX measures momentum and will rise in bearish trends too), then you may have a reversal soon.

How to use ADX

You can see from my example charts, the ADX can be used in any time frame and also in any security. So, while no one indicator will always work, by focusing on only using them to confirm entries and exits based on price levels, we may have a use for the ADX to assist us in measuring momentum.

Brandon Wendell

This newsletter is written for educational purposes only. By no means do any of its contents recommend, advocate or urge the buying, selling or holding of any financial instrument whatsoever. Trading and Investing involves high levels of risk. The author expresses personal opinions and will not assume any responsibility whatsoever for the actions of the reader. The author may or may not have positions in Financial Instruments discussed in this newsletter. Future results can be dramatically different from the opinions expressed herein. Past performance does not guarantee future results. Reprints allowed for private reading only, for all else, please obtain permission.