Candle Power

Brandon Wendell
Instructor, CMT

Trading is simple, but it is not easy! I always tell my students this in my classes. I also tell myself this while I am trading. Most people believe that since so few traders succeed and most end up losing money, that there must be some intricate strategy or high level education needed to become consistently profitable.

The truth is, the simpler we make our trading process and routine, the more likely we will be to have success.  A simple strategy is also one that you are more likely to follow on a regular basis.  When teaching trading courses, I always go back to the basics.  This is often overlooked as students want to hear about some “magical indicator” that will guide them to riches.  There is no “magical indicator” other than being able to read price.

One of the simple strategies we can use to make a decision to enter a trade is price itself and which direction it is indicating it wants to move.  The most common way that price is displayed is through candle charts.  If you are not familiar with the construction of a candlestick, I have included the quick reference below.  A green candle usually indicates strength in price and is formed by price closing higher than it opened during that particular period.  Conversely, the red candle indicates weakness due to the closing price being lower than the open for that period.

basic candlesThe problem is that many traders end their candle analysis there.  You must look to see what the tails (wicks, shadows or whatever else you wish to call them) are telling you.  These tails mark the highs and lows of the period.  If I asked you what the candle below signifies, you may tell me weakness since it is red.

single redHowever with further examination, you will see that there is a long tail to the downside.  This means that even though the bears pushed the price lower, there was enough bullish pressure to move price higher before the close of that period.  This is actually a bullish candle!  Let’s see where it was in the whole trend.

red support

A red candle actually indicated that we were ready to bounce off demand with a lot of bullish pressure.  You have to listen to the tale the tails are telling you.  Any candle tail that is above the real body (colored portion of candle) tells that the bulls were not able to hold price up and the bearish pressure moved prices downward.  Any tail below the real body indicates buying pressure.

candle pressureThis becomes especially important when price is nearing a level of demand or supply.  By seeing which force is winning (bulls or bears) we can anticipate a bounce or break of that price level and take appropriate action.

many candles

Remember that price gives us clues as to the immediate direction it will go.  We just have to be open to viewing it and listen to the tale of the tails!

This newsletter is written for educational purposes only. By no means do any of its contents recommend, advocate or urge the buying, selling or holding of any financial instrument whatsoever. Trading and Investing involves high levels of risk. The author expresses personal opinions and will not assume any responsibility whatsoever for the actions of the reader. The author may or may not have positions in Financial Instruments discussed in this newsletter. Future results can be dramatically different from the opinions expressed herein. Past performance does not guarantee future results. Reprints allowed for private reading only, for all else, please obtain permission.